Healthy Communities: Australians' experiences with primary health care in 2010–11 - Report - Use of primary health care

Healthy Communities: Australians' experiences with primary health care in 2010–11

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Use of primary health care

In 2010–11, the percentage of adults who said they saw a GP in the preceding 12 months varied across Medicare Locals, ranging from 71% to 88%.

Percentage of adults who saw a GP in the preceding 12 months, 2010–11

Results for Medicare Locals were ranked from highest to lowest and then split into five equal-sized groups.1 The range within each of the five groups was as follows:

The following images are of maps showing medicare local boundaries. Equivalent information is available in Fair comparisons section

Map of Australia showing the percentage of adults within each medicare local catchment who saw a GP in the preceding 12 months in 2010-11

The following is a legend for the maps detailed on this page. The first row shows the various colour ranges, the second is the relevant colour's range value and the third indicates which end is highest and lowest.
NP
74 – 78%
79 – 80%
81%
82 – 83%
84 – 86%
Lowest group
Highest group
Medicare Local catchment boundary
Numbers on map are Medicare Local reference codes

i. Perth and surrounding areas

Map of Perth and surrounding areas showing the percentage of adults within each medicare local catchment who saw a GP in the preceding 12 months in 2010-11

ii. Adelaide and surrounding areas

Map of Adelaide and surrounding areas showing the percentage of adults within each medicare local catchment who saw a GP in the preceding 12 months in 2010-11

iii. Melbourne and surrounding areas

Map of Melbourne and surrounding areas the percentage of adults within each medicare local catchment who saw a GP in the preceding 12 months in 2010-11

iv. Canberra and surrounding areas

Map of Canberra and surrounding areas showing the percentage of adults within each medicare local catchment who saw a GP in the preceding 12 months in 2010-11

v. Sydney and surrounding areas

Map of Sydney and surrounding areas showing the percentage of adults within each medicare local catchment who saw a GP in the preceding 12 months in 2010-11

vi. Brisbane and surrounding areas

Map of Brisbane and surrounding areas showing the percentage of adults within each medicare local catchment who saw a GP in the preceding 12 months in 2010-11

1. Each Medicare Local has been assigned to a quintile group. For more information see Technical Supplement.

2. For more information on peer groups see Technical Supplement.

3. Peer group results are calculated using the results of all survey responses within the group. For more information see Technical Supplement.

Note: Survey excludes persons aged less than 15 years, persons living in non-private dwellings, very remote areas, and discrete Indigenous communities.

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Australian Health Survey 2010–11.

Data can be downloaded from Explore the data.

Fair comparisons

To more fairly compare Medicare Locals, each Medicare Local catchment has been grouped into one of seven peer groups2, based on remoteness and socioeconomic status. This allows:

  • Medicare Local catchments to be compared within the same metropolitan, regional or rural peer group, and
  • Medicare Local catchments to be compared with the average for their peer group3

It also allows variation to be seen across peer groups that may be associated with remoteness and socioeconomic status.

See the PDF ReportOpens in a new window. for a graphical representation of the table below.

Peer groups Map reference Adults who saw a GP in previous year (%)
Metro 1 80%
Northern Sydney # 107 85%
Australian Capital Territory 801 83%
Inner East Melbourne 206 81%
Sydney North Shore & Beaches 108 81%
Inner NW Melbourne 201 79%
Bayside 202 79%
Inner West Sydney 102 78%
Eastern Sydney 101 77%
Metro 2 81%
South Western Melbourne 203 84%
Central Adelaide & Hills # 402 84%
Fremantle 503 83%
Sthn Adelaide-Fleurieu-Kangaroo Is. 403 83%
South Eastern Sydney 103 83%
Metro North Brisbane 301 82%
Eastern Melbourne 207 82%
Greater Metro South Brisbane 302 80%
Gold Coast 303 80%
Perth Central & East Metro 501 80%
Perth North Metro 502 78%
Bentley-Armadale # 504 78%
Metro 3 83%
Northern Adelaide 401 85%
Macedon Ranges & NW Melb 204 85%
South Eastern Melbourne 208 84%
West Moreton-Oxley 305 84%
South Western Sydney 104 83%
Western Sydney 105 83%
Northern Melbourne 205 80%
Regional 1 85%
Barwon 210 88%
Sunshine Coast 304 87%
Frankston-Mornington Peninsula 209 86%
Nepean-Blue Mountains 106 84%
Hunter 111 84%
Central Coast NSW 109 84%
Illawarra-Shoalhaven 110 82%
Perth South Coastal 505 82%
Regional 2 81%
Great South Coast 212 85%
Western NSW 115 84%
Hume 216 84%
Grampians 211 84%
North Coast NSW 113 84%
Tasmania 601 83%
Goulburn Valley 215 83%
Murrumbidgee 116 82%
Gippsland 217 82%
Wide Bay 307 81%
Country South SA 404 80%
South West WA 506 80%
New England 114 78%
Darling Downs-SW Qld 306 78%
Southern NSW # 117 71%
Loddon-Mallee-Murray 214 NP
Rural 1 81%
Central Qld 308 81%
Townsville-Mackay 310 81%
Country North SA 405 78%
Far West NSW 118 NP
Lower Murray 213 NP
Rural 2 76%
Northern Territory 701 78%
Far North Qld 311 76%
Goldfields-Midwest 507 75%
Central & NW Qld 309 NP
Kimberley-Pilbara 508 NP

# Statistically different (at the 95% level) from the peer group percentage.

This area has >5% of its population in very remote areas which were not included in the Patient Experience Survey 2010–11. For more information see Technical Supplement.

NP Not available for publication.

GP attendances are Medicare Benefits Schedule-funded patient/doctor encounters for which the patient has not been referred by another doctor. GP attendances exclude services provided by practice nurses and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health practitioners on a GPs behalf.1 In 2010–11, the average number of GP attendances per person varied across Medicare Locals, ranging from 7.3 attendances in South Western Sydney to 2.3 attendances in Kimberley-Pilbara.

Average number of GP attendances per person, 2010–11

Results for Medicare Locals were ranked from highest to lowest and then split into five equal-sized groups.2 The range within each of the five groups was as follows:

The following images are of maps showing medicare local boundaries. Equivalent information is available in Fair comparisons section

Map of Australia showing the average number of GP attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2010-11

The following is a legend for the maps detailed on this page. The first row shows the various colour ranges, the second is the relevant colour's range value and the third indicates which end is highest and lowest.
2.3 – 4.4
4.5 – 4.9
5.0 – 5.3
5.4 – 5.8
5.9 – 7.3
Lowest group
Highest group
Medicare Local catchment boundary
Numbers on map are Medicare Local reference codes

i. Perth and surrounding areas

Map of Perth and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2010-11

ii. Adelaide and surrounding areas

Map of Adelaide and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2010-11

iii. Melbourne and surrounding areas

Map of Melbourne and surrounding areas the average number of GP attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2010-11

iv. Canberra and surrounding areas

Map of Canberra and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2010-11

v. Sydney and surrounding areas

Map of Sydney and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2010-11

vi. Brisbane and surrounding areas

Map of Brisbane and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2010-11

1. For more information on the Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) see Technical Supplement.

2. Each Medicare Local has been assigned to a quintile group. For more information see Technical Supplement.

3. For more information on peer groups see Technical Supplement.

4. Peer group results are calculated using the results of all survey responses within the group. For more information see Technical Supplement.

Note: MBS statistics exclude services provided free of charge to public patients in hospitals, to Department of Veterans' Affairs beneficiaries, to some patients under compensation arrangements, and through other publicly funded programs.

Source: Department of Human Services Medicare Benefits statistics 2010–11 and Australian Bureau of Statistics Estimated Resident Population 30 June 2011.

Data can be downloaded from Explore the data.

Fair comparisons

To more fairly compare Medicare Locals, each Medicare Local catchment has been grouped into one of seven peer groups3, based on remoteness and socioeconomic status. This allows:

  • Medicare Local catchments to be compared within the same metropolitan, regional or rural peer group, and
  • Medicare Local catchments to be compared with the average for their peer group4

It also allows variation to be seen across peer groups that may be associated with remoteness and socioeconomic status.

See the PDF ReportOpens in a new window. for a graphical representation of the table below.

Peer groups Map reference Average number of GP attendances per person
Metro 1 5.1
Inner West Sydney 102 6.0
Inner NW Melbourne 201 5.2
Northern Sydney 107 5.2
Inner East Melbourne 206 5.1
Eastern Sydney 101 5.0
Bayside 202 4.9
Sydney North Shore & Beaches 108 4.8
Australian Capital Territory 801 4.0
Metro 2 5.1
South Eastern Sydney 103 6.1
Gold Coast 303 5.8
Sthn Adelaide-Fleurieu-Kangaroo Is. 403 5.6
South Western Melbourne 203 5.5
Eastern Melbourne 207 5.4
Greater Metro South Brisbane 302 5.4
Central Adelaide & Hills 402 5.2
Metro North Brisbane 301 5.1
Perth North Metro 502 4.4
Fremantle 503 4.3
Perth Central & East Metro 501 4.2
Bentley-Armadale 504 4.2
Metro 3 6.5
South Western Sydney 104 7.3
Western Sydney 105 7.0
South Eastern Melbourne 208 6.1
Northern Melbourne 205 6.1
Macedon Ranges & NW Melb 204 6.0
Northern Adelaide 401 5.9
West Moreton-Oxley 305 5.7
Regional 1 5.6
Nepean-Blue Mountains 106 6.4
Sunshine Coast 304 6.2
Illawarra-Shoalhaven 110 5.9
Central Coast NSW 109 5.7
Frankston-Mornington Peninsula 209 5.3
Hunter 111 5.2
Barwon 210 5.1
Perth South Coastal 505 4.8
Regional 2 5.0
Wide Bay 307 5.8
Gippsland 217 5.6
North Coast NSW 113 5.5
Goulburn Valley 215 5.5
Grampians 211 5.2
Loddon-Mallee-Murray 214 5.0
Tasmania 601 4.9
Darling Downs-SW Qld 306 4.9
Great South Coast 212 4.9
Murrumbidgee 116 4.9
Western NSW 115 4.9
Country South SA 404 4.8
Hume 216 4.5
Southern NSW 117 4.3
South West WA 506 4.2
New England 114 4.2
Rural 1 4.9
Lower Murray 213 5.5
Country North SA 405 5.5
Far West NSW 118 5.0
Central Qld 308 4.9
Townsville-Mackay 310 4.6
Rural 2 3.5
Far North Qld 311 4.6
Central & NW Qld 309 3.5
Goldfields-Midwest 507 3.4
Northern Territory 701 2.9
Kimberley-Pilbara 508 2.3

Variation within Medicare Locals

This report for the first time breaks down information to the level of individual Medicare Locals. But results for some measures have been calculated for geographical areas even smaller than this, using localities referred to by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) as Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3 – see box).

The information presented on the maps shows the average number of GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid.

GP attendances are Medicare Benefits Schedule-funded patient/doctor encounters for which the patient has not been referred by another doctor. GP attendances exclude services provided by practice nurses and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health practitioners on a GPs behalf.1

Findings

In 2010–11, the average number of GP attendances per person varied across statistical areas2 ranging from 8.2 attendances to 2.2 attendances per person.

The statistical area with the highest number of GP attendances per person was Mount Druitt (NSW) with an average of 8.2 attendances per person.

The statistical area with the lowest number of GP attendances per person was Pilbara (WA), with 2.2 attendances per person.

Why use SA3s?

Providing information at more local levels of geography within a Medicare Local allows further insight into patterns of service utilisation across Australia.

Variation within Medicare Locals is shown in this report using the ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3), which generally have a population of between 30,000 and 130,000 people. A single Medicare Local may contain as few as one SA3, or as many as 17. In some instances, SA3s cross over Medicare Local boundaries.

In this report these SA3s have been chosen as an appropriate level of geography to present Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) information as they are large enough in population numbers to ensure confidentiality of MBS statistics, while allowing insights into the variation that exists within each Medicare Local.

Average number of GP attendances per person, 2010–11

In 2010–11, the average number of GP attendances per person varied across statistical areas2 ranging from 8.2 attendances per person to 2.2 attendances per person.

Results for Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s) were ranked from highest to lowest and then split into 10 equal-sized groups3. The range within each of the 10 groups was:

Map of Australia showing the average number of GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2010-11

The following is a legend for the maps detailed on this page. The first row shows the various colour ranges, the second is the relevant colour's range value and the third indicates which end is highest and lowest.
2.2 – 4.0
4.1 – 4.3
4.4 – 4.6
4.7 – 4.9
5.0 – 5.1
5.2 – 5.3
5.4 – 5.6
5.7 – 5.9
6.0 – 6.3
6.4 – 8.2
Lowest group
Highest group
Medicare Local catchment boundary
ABS Statistical Area Level 3 (SA3) boundary

i. Perth and surrounding areas

Map of Perth and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2010-11

ii. Adelaide and surrounding areas

Map of Adelaide and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2010-11

iii. Melbourne and surrounding areas

Map of Melbourne and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2010-11

iv. Canberra and surrounding areas

Map of Canberra and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2010-11

v. Sydney and surrounding areas

Map of Sydney and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2010-11

vi. Brisbane and surrounding areas

Map of Brisbane and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2010-11

vii. Hobart and surrounding areas

Map of Hobart and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2010-11

1. For more information on the Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) see Technical Supplement.

2. ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s) have been excluded from the reported range of results where the population is less than 1000 as they may identify individual providers and their patients. Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands are also excluded as the majority of primary health care services are provided by the Indian Ocean Territories Health Service.

3. 323 SA3s have been assigned to a decile group. For more information see Technical Supplement.

Notes:

  • MBS statistics exclude services provided free of charge to public patients in hospitals, Department of Veterans' Affairs beneficiaries, some patients under compensation arrangements, and through other publicly funded programs.
  • Information for the Northern Territory has been presented at the Medicare Local level only, due to the large proportion of persons enrolled with Medicare using a non-geographic postcode.

Source: Department of Human Services Medicare Benefits statistics 2010–12 and Australian Bureau of Statistics Estimated Resident Population 30 June 2011.

GP attendances are Medicare Benefits Schedule-funded patient/doctor encounters for which the patient has not been referred by another doctor. GP attendances exclude services provided by practice nurses and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health practitioners on a GPs behalf.1 In 2011–12, the average number of GP attendances per person varied across Medicare Locals, ranging from 7.4 attendances in South Western Sydney to 2.4 attendances in Kimberley-Pilbara.

Average number of GP attendances per person, 2011–12

Results for Medicare Locals were ranked from highest to lowest and then split into five equal-sized groups.2 The range within each of the five groups was as follows:

The following images are of maps showing medicare local boundaries. Equivalent information is available in Fair comparisons section

Map of Australia showing the average number of GP attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2011-12

The following is a legend for the maps detailed on this page. The first row shows the various colour ranges, the second is the relevant colour's range value and the third indicates which end is highest and lowest.
2.4 – 4.5
4.6 – 5.1
5.2 – 5.5
5.6 – 6.0
6.1 – 7.4
Lowest group
Highest group
Medicare Local catchment boundary
Numbers on map are Medicare Local reference codes

i. Perth and surrounding areas

Map of Perth and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2011-12

ii. Adelaide and surrounding areas

Map of Adelaide and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2011-12

iii. Melbourne and surrounding areas

Map of Melbourne and surrounding areas the average number of GP attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2011-12

iv. Canberra and surrounding areas

Map of Canberra and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2011-12

v. Sydney and surrounding areas

Map of Sydney and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2011-12

vi. Brisbane and surrounding areas

Map of Brisbane and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2011-12

1. For more information on the Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) see Technical Supplement.

2. Each Medicare Local has been assigned to a quintile group. For more information see Technical Supplement.

3. For more information on peer groups see Technical Supplement.

4. Peer group results are calculated using the total number of relevant GP attendances within each peer group. For more information see Technical Supplement.

Note: MBS statistics exclude services provided free of charge to public patients in hospitals, to Department of Veterans' Affairs beneficiaries, to some patients under compensation arrangements, and through other publicly funded programs.

Source: Department of Human Services Medicare Benefits statistics 2011–12 and Australian Bureau of Statistics Estimated Resident Population 30 June 2011.

Data can be downloaded from Explore the data.

Fair comparisons

To more fairly compare Medicare Locals, each Medicare Local catchment has been grouped into one of seven peer groups3, based on remoteness and socioeconomic status. This allows:

  • Medicare Locals to be compared within the same metropolitan, regional or rural peer group, and
  • Medicare Locals to be compared with the average for their peer group.4

It also allows variation to be seen across peer groups that may be associated with remoteness and socioeconomic status.

See the PDF ReportOpens in a new window. for a graphical representation of the table below.

Peer groups Map reference Average number of GP attendances per person
Metro 1 5.2
Inner West Sydney 102 6.1
Inner NW Melbourne 201 5.4
Northern Sydney 107 5.4
Eastern Sydney 101 5.2
Inner East Melbourne 206 5.2
Bayside 202 5.0
Sydney North Shore & Beaches 108 4.9
Australian Capital Territory 801 4.2
Metro 2 5.3
South Eastern Sydney 103 6.3
Gold Coast 303 6.1
South Western Melbourne 203 6.0
Sthn Adelaide-Fleurieu-Kangaroo Is. 403 5.8
Greater Metro South Brisbane 302 5.6
Eastern Melbourne 207 5.6
Central Adelaide & Hills 402 5.4
Metro North Brisbane 301 5.3
Perth North Metro 502 4.7
Fremantle 503 4.4
Perth Central & East Metro 501 4.4
Bentley-Armadale 504 4.4
Metro 3 6.7
South Western Sydney 104 7.4
Western Sydney 105 7.3
South Eastern Melbourne 208 6.4
Northern Melbourne 205 6.4
Macedon Ranges & NW Melb 204 6.3
Northern Adelaide 401 6.2
West Moreton-Oxley 305 6.1
Regional 1 5.9
Nepean-Blue Mountains 106 6.6
Sunshine Coast 304 6.4
Illawarra-Shoalhaven 110 6.3
Central Coast NSW 109 6.0
Frankston-Mornington Peninsula 209 5.6
Barwon 210 5.4
Hunter 111 5.4
Perth South Coastal 505 5.1
Regional 2 5.2
Wide Bay 307 6.0
Goulburn Valley 215 5.9
North Coast NSW 113 5.9
Gippsland 217 5.7
Grampians 211 5.5
Loddon-Mallee-Murray 214 5.3
Murrumbidgee 116 5.1
Tasmania 601 5.1
Darling Downs-SW Qld 306 5.1
Western NSW 115 5.1
Country South SA 404 5.0
Great South Coast 212 5.0
Hume 216 4.7
Southern NSW 117 4.5
South West WA 506 4.5
New England 114 4.4
Rural 1 5.1
Lower Murray 213 5.7
Country North SA 405 5.6
Far West NSW 118 5.5
Central Qld 308 5.0
Townsville-Mackay 310 4.8
Rural 2 3.7
Far North Qld 311 4.9
Goldfields-Midwest 507 3.6
Central & NW Qld 309 3.3
Northern Territory 701 3.1
Kimberley-Pilbara 508 2.4

Variation within Medicare Locals

This report for the first time breaks down information to the level of individual Medicare Locals. But results for some measures have been calculated for geographical areas even smaller than this, using localities referred to by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) as Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3 – see box).

The information presented on the maps shows the average number of GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid.

GP attendances are Medicare Benefits Schedulefunded patient/doctor encounters for which the patient has not been referred by another doctor. GP attendances exclude services provided by practice nurses and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health practitioners on a GPs behalf.1

Findings

In 2011–12, the average number of GP attendances per person varied across statistical areas2 ranging from 8.3 attendances to 2.1 attendances per person.

The statistical area with the highest number of GP attendances per person was Mount Druitt (NSW), with an average of 8.3 attendances per person.

The statistical area with the lowest number of GP attendances per person was Pilbara (WA), with 2.1 attendances per person.

Why use SA3s?

Providing information at more local levels of geography within a Medicare Local allows further insight into patterns of service utilisation across Australia.

Variation within Medicare Locals is shown in this report using the ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3), which generally have a population of between 30,000 and 130,000 people. A single Medicare Local may contain as few as one SA3, or as many as 17. In some instances, SA3s cross over Medicare Local boundaries.

In this report these SA3s have been chosen as an appropriate level of geography to present Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) information as they are large enough in population numbers to ensure confidentiality of MBS statistics, while allowing insights into the variation that exists within each Medicare Local.

Average number of GP attendances per person, 2011–12

In 2011–12, the average number of GP attendances per person varied across statistical areas2 ranging from 8.3 attendances per person to 2.1 attendances per person.

Results for Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s) were ranked from highest to lowest and then split into 10 equal-sized groups3. The range within each of the 10 groups was:

Map of Australia showing the average number of GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2011-12

The following is a legend for the maps detailed on this page. The first row shows the various colour ranges, the second is the relevant colour's range value and the third indicates which end is highest and lowest.
2.1 – 4.1
4.2 – 4.5
4.6 – 4.8
4.9 – 5.1
5.2 – 5.3
5.4 – 5.5
5.6 – 5.8
5.9 – 6.1
6.2 – 6.6
6.7 – 8.3
Lowest group
Highest group
Medicare Local catchment boundary
ABS Statistical Area Level 3 (SA3) boundary

i. Perth and surrounding areas

Map of Perth and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2011-12

ii. Adelaide and surrounding areas

Map of Adelaide and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2011-12

iii. Melbourne and surrounding areas

Map of Melbourne and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2011-12

iv. Canberra and surrounding areas

Map of Canberra and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2011-12

v. Sydney and surrounding areas

Map of Sydney and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2011-12

vi. Brisbane and surrounding areas

Map of Brisbane and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2011-12

vii. Hobart and surrounding areas

Map of Hobart and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2011-12

1. For more information on the Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) see Technical Supplement.

2. ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s) have been excluded from the reported range of results where the population is less than 1000 as they may identify individual providers and their patients. Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands are also excluded as the majority of primary health care services are provided by the Indian Ocean Territories Health Service.

3. 323 SA3s have been assigned to a decile group. For more information see Technical Supplement.

Notes:

  • MBS statistics exclude services provided free of charge to public patients in hospitals, Department of Veterans' Affairs beneficiaries, some patients under compensation arrangements, and through other publicly funded programs.
  • Information for the Northern Territory has been presented at the Medicare Local level only, due to the large proportion of persons enrolled with Medicare using a non-geographic postcode.

Source: Department of Human Services Medicare Benefits statistics 2011–12 and Australian Bureau of Statistics Estimated Resident Population 30 June 2011.

Expenditure on GP attendances1 comprises Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) funding for patient/doctor encounters across Medicare Locals. In 2010–11, the average expenditure on GP attendances per person varied across Medicare Locals, ranging from $302.95 in Western Sydney to $104.81 in Kimberley-Pilbara.

Average MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person, 2010–11

Results for Medicare Locals were ranked from highest to lowest and then split into five equal-sized groups.2 The range within each of the five groups was as follows:

The following images are of maps showing medicare local boundaries. Equivalent information is available in Fair comparisons section

Map of Australia showing the average MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2010-11

The following is a legend for the maps detailed on this page. The first row shows the various colour ranges, the second is the relevant colour's range value and the third indicates which end is highest and lowest.
$104.81 – $187.04
$187.05 – $217.96
$217.97 – $235.68
$235.69 – $256.02
$256.03 – $302.95
Lowest group
Highest group
Medicare Local catchment boundary
Numbers on map are Medicare Local reference codes

i. Perth and surrounding areas

Map of Perth and surrounding areas showing the average MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2010-11

ii. Adelaide and surrounding areas

Map of Adelaide and surrounding areas showing the average MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2010-11

iii. Melbourne and surrounding areas

Map of Melbourne and surrounding areas the average MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2010-11

iv. Canberra and surrounding areas

Map of Canberra and surrounding areas showing the average MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2010-11

v. Sydney and surrounding areas

Map of Sydney and surrounding areas showing the average MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2010-11

vi. Brisbane and surrounding areas

Map of Brisbane and surrounding areas showing the average MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2010-11

1. For more information on the Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) see Technical Supplement.

2. Each Medicare Local has been assigned to a quintile group. For more information see Technical Supplement.

3. For more information on peer groups see Technical Supplement.

4. Peer group results are calculated using the total number of relevant GP attendances within each peer group. For more information see Technical Supplement.

Note: MBS statistics exclude services provided free of charge to public patients in hospitals, to Department of Veterans' Affairs beneficiaries, to some patients under compensation arrangements, and through other publicly funded programs.

Source: Department of Human Services Medicare Benefits statistics 2011–12 and Australian Bureau of Statistics Estimated Resident Population 30 June 2011.

Data can be downloaded from Explore the data.

Fair comparisons

To more fairly compare Medicare Locals, each Medicare Local catchment has been grouped into one of seven peer groups3, based on remoteness and socioeconomic status. This allows:

  • Medicare Locals to be compared within the same metropolitan, regional or rural peer group, and
  • Medicare Locals to be compared with the average for their peer group.4

It also allows variation to be seen across peer groups that may be associated with remoteness and socioeconomic status.

See the PDF ReportOpens in a new window. for a graphical representation of the table below.

Peer groups Map reference Average MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person
Metro 1 $229.30
Inner West Sydney 102 $263.44
Inner NW Melbourne 201 $237.63
Northern Sydney 107 $235.35
Eastern Sydney 101 $234.20
Inner East Melbourne 206 $229.12
Bayside 202 $229.01
Sydney North Shore & Beaches 108 $216.39
Australian Capital Territory 801 $170.25
Metro 2 $222.43
South Eastern Sydney 103 $263.13
Gold Coast 303 $259.74
Sthn Adelaide-Fleurieu-Kangaroo Is. 403 $246.91
Central Adelaide & Hills 402 $240.71
South Western Melbourne 203 $236.03
Eastern Melbourne 207 $233.83
Greater Metro South Brisbane 302 $229.57
Metro North Brisbane 301 $217.57
Perth North Metro 502 $185.00
Fremantle 503 $183.77
Perth Central & East Metro 501 $178.97
Bentley-Armadale 504 $172.95
Metro 3 $276.11
Western Sydney 105 $302.95
South Western Sydney 104 $301.62
Northern Melbourne 205 $266.46
Northern Adelaide 401 $262.40
South Eastern Melbourne 208 $256.72
Macedon Ranges & NW Melb 204 $254.20
West Moreton-Oxley 305 $237.78
Regional 1 $245.62
Sunshine Coast 304 $277.18
Nepean-Blue Mountains 106 $276.96
Illawarra-Shoalhaven 110 $261.85
Central Coast NSW 109 $257.56
Hunter 111 $230.25
Frankston-Mornington Peninsula 209 $229.46
Barwon 210 $223.85
Perth South Coastal 505 $196.75
Regional 2 $216.42
North Coast NSW 113 $255.33
Wide Bay 307 $241.67
Gippsland 217 $240.19
Goulburn Valley 215 $237.50
Loddon-Mallee-Murray 214 $221.56
Grampians 211 $220.21
Great South Coast 212 $218.36
Murrumbidgee 116 $212.64
Tasmania 601 $211.81
Western NSW 115 $211.32
Darling Downs-SW Qld 306 $206.97
Country South SA 404 $199.37
Hume 216 $198.96
Southern NSW 117 $185.44
South West WA 506 $181.80
New England 114 $179.23
Rural 1 $205.53
Far West NSW 118 $248.04
Lower Murray 213 $239.21
Country North SA 405 $229.03
Central Qld 308 $197.13
Townsville-Mackay 310 $188.66
Rural 2 $158.45
Far North Qld 311 $199.89
Central & NW Qld 309 $156.52
Goldfields-Midwest 507 $154.19
Northern Territory 701 $137.15
Kimberley-Pilbara 508 $104.81

Variation within Medicare Locals

This report for the first time breaks down information to the level of individual Medicare Locals. But results for some measures have been calculated for geographical areas even smaller than this, using localities referred to by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) as Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3 – see box).

The information presented on the maps shows the average Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) expenditure on GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid.

GP attendances are MBS-funded patient/doctor encounters for which the patient has not been referred by another doctor. GP attendances exclude services provided by practice nurses and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health practitioners on a GPs behalf.1

Findings

In 2010–11, the average MBS expenditure per person on GP attendances varied across statistical areas2, ranging from $342.42 to $96.37 per person.

The statistical area with the highest MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person was Mount Druitt (NSW), with an average of $342.42 per person.

The statistical area with the lowest MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person was Pilbara (WA), with an average of $96.37 per person.

Why use SA3s?

Providing information at more local levels of geography within a Medicare Local allows further insight into patterns of service utilisation across Australia.

Variation within Medicare Locals is shown in this report using the ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3), which generally have a population of between 30,000 and 130,000 people. A single Medicare Local may contain as few as one SA3, or as many as 17. In some instances, SA3s cross over Medicare Local boundaries.

In this report these SA3s have been chosen as an appropriate level of geography to present Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) information as they are large enough in population numbers to ensure confidentiality of MBS statistics, while allowing insights into the variation that exists within each Medicare Local.

Average Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) expenditure on GP attendances per person, 2010–11

In 2010–11, the average MBS expenditure per person on GP attendances varied across statistical areas2, ranging from $342.42 to $96.37 per person.

Results for Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s) were ranked from highest to lowest and then split into 10 equal-sized groups1. The range within each of the 10 groups was:

Map of Australia showing the average MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2010-11

The following is a legend for the maps detailed on this page. The first row shows the various colour ranges, the second is the relevant colour's range value and the third indicates which end is highest and lowest.
$96.37 – $172.67
$172.68 – $189.69
$189.70 – $205.12
$205.13 – $216.67
$216.68 – $224.43
$224.44 – $236.25
$236.26 – $246.30
$246.31 – $262.26
$262.27 – $279.05
$279.06 – $342.42
Lowest group
Highest group
Medicare Local catchment boundary
ABS Statistical Area Level 3 (SA3) boundary

i. Perth and surrounding areas

Map of Perth and surrounding areas showing the MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2010-11

ii. Adelaide and surrounding areas

Map of Adelaide and surrounding areas showing the MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2010-11

iii. Melbourne and surrounding areas

Map of Melbourne and surrounding areas showing the MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2010-11

iv. Canberra and surrounding areas

Map of Canberra and surrounding areas showing the MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2010-11

v. Sydney and surrounding areas

Map of Sydney and surrounding areas showing the MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2010-11

vi. Brisbane and surrounding areas

Map of Brisbane and surrounding areas showing the MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2010-11

vii. Hobart and surrounding areas

Map of Hobart and surrounding areas showing the MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2010-11

1. For more information on the Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) see Technical Supplement.

2. ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s) have been excluded from the reported range of results where the population is less than 1000 as they may identify individual providers and their patients. Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands are also excluded as the majority of primary health care services are provided by the Indian Ocean Territories Health Service.

3. 323 SA3s have been assigned to a decile group. For more information see Technical Supplement.

Notes:

  • MBS statistics exclude services provided free of charge to public patients in hospitals, Department of Veterans' Affairs beneficiaries, some patients under compensation arrangements, and through other publicly funded programs.
  • Information for the Northern Territory has been presented at the Medicare Local level only, due to the large proportion of persons enrolled with Medicare using a non-geographic postcode.

Source: Department of Human Services Medicare Benefits statistics 2010–11 and Australian Bureau of Statistics Estimated Resident Population 30 June 2011.

Expenditure on GP attendances1 comprises Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) funding for patient/doctor encounters across Medicare Locals. In 2011–12, the average expenditure on GP attendances per person varied across Medicare Locals, ranging from $321.03 in Western Sydney to $114.39 in Kimberley–Pilbara.

Average MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person, 2011–12

Results for Medicare Locals were ranked from highest to lowest and then split into five equal-sized groups.2 The range within each of the five groups was as follows:

The following images are of maps showing medicare local boundaries. Equivalent information is available in Fair comparisons section

Map of Australia showing the average MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2011-12

The following is a legend for the maps detailed on this page. The first row shows the various colour ranges, the second is the relevant colour's range value and the third indicates which end is highest and lowest.
$114.39 – $204.46
$204.47 – $232.38
$232.39 – $248.24
$248.25 – $275.28
$275.29 – $321.03
Lowest group
Highest group
Medicare Local catchment boundary
Numbers on map are Medicare Local reference codes

i. Perth and surrounding areas

Map of Perth and surrounding areas showing the average MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2011-12

ii. Adelaide and surrounding areas

Map of Adelaide and surrounding areas showing the average MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2011-12

iii. Melbourne and surrounding areas

Map of Melbourne and surrounding areas the average MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2011-12

iv. Canberra and surrounding areas

Map of Canberra and surrounding areas showing the average MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2011-12

v. Sydney and surrounding areas

Map of Sydney and surrounding areas showing the average MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2011-12

vi. Brisbane and surrounding areas

Map of Brisbane and surrounding areas showing the average MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2011-12

1. For more information on the Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) see Technical Supplement.

2. Each Medicare Local has been assigned to a quintile group. For more information see Technical Supplement.

3. For more information on peer groups see Technical Supplement.

4. Peer group results are calculated using the total number of relevant GP attendances within each peer group. For more information see Technical Supplement.

Note: MBS statistics exclude services provided free of charge to public patients in hospitals, to Department of Veterans' Affairs beneficiaries, to some patients under compensation arrangements, and through other publicly funded programs.

Source: Department of Human Services Medicare Benefits statistics 2011–12 and Australian Bureau of Statistics Estimated Resident Population 30 June 2011.

Data can be downloaded from Explore the data.

Fair comparisons

To more fairly compare Medicare Locals, each Medicare Local catchment has been grouped into one of seven peer groups3, based on remoteness and socioeconomic status. This allows:

  • Medicare Locals to be compared within the same metropolitan, regional or rural peer group, and
  • Medicare Locals to be compared with the average for their peer group.4

It also allows variation to be seen across peer groups that may be associated with remoteness and socioeconomic status.

See the PDF ReportOpens in a new window. for a graphical representation of the table below.

Peer groups Map reference Average MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person
Metro 1 $239.88
Inner West Sydney 102 $274.93
Inner NW Melbourne 201 $252.06
Northern Sydney 107 $248.12
Eastern Sydney 101 $246.19
Inner East Melbourne 206 $238.69
Bayside 202 $234.22
Sydney North Shore & Beaches 108 $227.13
Australian Capital Territory 801 $181.00
Metro 2 $238.01
Gold Coast 303 $286.79
South Eastern Sydney 103 $275.72
South Western Melbourne 203 $261.63
Sthn Adelaide-Fleurieu-Kangaroo Is. 403 $261.46
Central Adelaide & Hills 402 $252.54
Eastern Melbourne 207 $246.73
Greater Metro South Brisbane 302 $246.63
Metro North Brisbane 301 $235.90
Perth North Metro 502 $198.69
Fremantle 503 $191.28
Perth Central & East Metro 501 $189.07
Bentley-Armadale 504 $183.09
Metro 3 $294.61
Western Sydney 105 $321.03
South Western Sydney 104 $316.74
Northern Melbourne 205 $283.46
Northern Adelaide 401 $282.95
South Eastern Melbourne 208 $275.64
Macedon Ranges & NW Melb 204 $274.79
West Moreton-Oxley 305 $262.50
Regional 1 $264.36
Sunshine Coast 304 $296.54
Nepean-Blue Mountains 106 $294.54
Illawarra-Shoalhaven 110 $286.33
Central Coast NSW 109 $274.29
Hunter 111 $247.54
Frankston-Mornington Peninsula 209 $246.41
Barwon 210 $244.75
Perth South Coastal 505 $213.36
Regional 2 $232.44
North Coast NSW 113 $279.02
Goulburn Valley 215 $261.38
Wide Bay 307 $257.83
Gippsland 217 $248.37
Loddon-Mallee-Murray 214 $237.33
Grampians 211 $236.63
Murrumbidgee 116 $230.56
Great South Coast 212 $227.42
Western NSW 115 $226.63
Tasmania 601 $225.74
Darling Downs-SW Qld 306 $221.57
Country South SA 404 $217.28
Hume 216 $215.20
Southern NSW 117 $199.51
South West WA 506 $196.47
New England 114 $192.53
Rural 1 $222.96
Far West NSW 118 $280.38
Lower Murray 213 $255.34
Country North SA 405 $242.20
Central Qld 308 $209.81
Townsville-Mackay 310 $209.43
Rural 2 $174.53
Far North Qld 311 $224.34
Goldfields-Midwest 507 $166.02
Central & NW Qld 309 $161.16
Northern Territory 701 $151.07
Kimberley-Pilbara 508 $114.39

Variation within Medicare Locals

This report for the first time breaks down information to the level of individual Medicare Locals. But results for some measures have been calculated for geographical areas even smaller than this, using localities referred to by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) as Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3 – see box).

The information presented on the maps shows the average Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) expenditure on GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid.

GP attendances are MBS-funded patient/doctor encounters for which the patient has not been referred by another doctor. GP attendances exclude services provided by practice nurses and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health practitioners on a GPs behalf.1

Findings

In 2011–12, the average MBS expenditure per person on GP attendances varied across statistical areas2, ranging from $356.99 to $92.47 per person.

The statistical area with the highest MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person was Mount Druitt (NSW), with an average of $356.99 per person.

The statistical area with the lowest MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person was Pilbara (WA), with an average of $92.47 per person.

Why use SA3s?

Providing information at more local levels of geography within a Medicare Local allows further insight into patterns of service utilisation across Australia.

Variation within Medicare Locals is shown in this report using the ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3), which generally have a population of between 30,000 and 130,000 people. A single Medicare Local may contain as few as one SA3, or as many as 17. In some instances, SA3s cross over Medicare Local boundaries.

In this report these SA3s have been chosen as an appropriate level of geography to present Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) information as they are large enough in population numbers to ensure confidentiality of MBS statistics, while allowing insights into the variation that exists within each Medicare Local.

Average Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) expenditure on GP attendances per person, 2011–12

In 2011–12, the average MBS expenditure per person on GP attendances varied across statistical areas2, ranging from $356.99 to $92.47 per person.

Results for Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s) were ranked from highest to lowest and then split into 10 equal-sized groups3. The range within each of the 10 groups was:

Map of Australia showing the average MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2011-12

The following is a legend for the maps detailed on this page. The first row shows the various colour ranges, the second is the relevant colour's range value and the third indicates which end is highest and lowest.
$92.47 – $182.80
$182.81 – $202.97
$202.98 – $217.99
$218.00 – $230.75
$230.76 – $240.68
$240.69 – $251.30
$251.31 – $264.14
$264.15 – $277.81
$277.82 – $301.84
$301.85 – $356.99
Lowest group
Highest group
Medicare Local catchment boundary
ABS Statistical Area Level 3 (SA3) boundary

i. Perth and surrounding areas

Map of Perth and surrounding areas showing the MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2011-12

ii. Adelaide and surrounding areas

Map of Adelaide and surrounding areas showing the MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2011-12

iii. Melbourne and surrounding areas

Map of Melbourne and surrounding areas showing the MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2011-12

iv. Canberra and surrounding areas

Map of Canberra and surrounding areas showing the MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2011-12

v. Sydney and surrounding areas

Map of Sydney and surrounding areas showing the MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2011-12

vi. Brisbane and surrounding areas

Map of Brisbane and surrounding areas showing the MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2011-12

vii. Hobart and surrounding areas

Map of Hobart and surrounding areas showing the MBS expenditure on GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2011-12

1. For more information on the Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) see Technical Supplement.

2. ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s) have been excluded from the reported range of results where the population is less than 1000 as they may identify individual providers and their patients. Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands are also excluded as the majority of primary health care services are provided by the Indian Ocean Territories Health Service.

3. 323 SA3s have been assigned to a decile group. For more information see Technical Supplement.

Notes:

  • MBS statistics exclude services provided free of charge to public patients in hospitals, Department of Veterans' Affairs beneficiaries, some patients under compensation arrangements, and through other publicly funded programs.
  • Information for the Northern Territory has been presented at the Medicare Local level only, due to the large proportion of persons enrolled with Medicare using a non-geographic postcode.

Source: Department of Human Services Medicare Benefits statistics 2011–12 and Australian Bureau of Statistics Estimated Resident Population 30 June 2011.

GP after-hours attendances1 are non-referred patient/doctor after-hours encounters funded through the Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS). They include urgent and non-urgent attendances. In 2010–11, the average number of GP after-hours attendances per person varied across Medicare Locals, ranging from 0.71 in South Western Melbourne to 0.03 in both Goldfields-Midwest and Kimberley-Pilbara.

Average number of GP after-hours attendances per person, 2010–11

Results for Medicare Locals were ranked from highest to lowest and then split into five equal-sized groups.2 The range within each of the five groups was as follows:

The following images are of maps showing medicare local boundaries. Equivalent information is available in Fair comparisons section

Map of Australia showing the average number of GP after-hours attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2010-11

The following is a legend for the maps detailed on this page. The first row shows the various colour ranges, the second is the relevant colour's range value and the third indicates which end is highest and lowest.
0.03 – 0.11
0.12 – 0.16
0.17 – 0.27
0.28 – 0.37
0.38 – 0.71
Lowest group
Highest group
Medicare Local catchment boundary
Numbers on map are Medicare Local reference codes

i. Perth and surrounding areas

Map of Perth and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP after-hours attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2010-11

ii. Adelaide and surrounding areas

Map of Adelaide and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP after-hours attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2010-11

iii. Melbourne and surrounding areas

Map of Melbourne and surrounding areas the average number of GP after-hours attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2010-11

iv. Canberra and surrounding areas

Map of Canberra and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP after-hours attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2010-11

v. Sydney and surrounding areas

Map of Sydney and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP after-hours attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2010-11

vi. Brisbane and surrounding areas

Map of Brisbane and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP after-hours attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2010-11

1. For more information on the Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) see Technical Supplement.

2. Each Medicare Local has been assigned to a quintile group. For more information see Technical Supplement.

3. For more information on peer groups see Technical Supplement.

4. Peer group results are calculated using the total number of relevant GP attendances within each peer group. For more information see Technical Supplement.

Note: MBS statistics exclude services provided free of charge to public patients in hospitals, to Department of Veterans' Affairs beneficiaries, to some patients under compensation arrangements, and through other publicly funded programs.

Source: Department of Human Services Medicare Benefits statistics 2010–11 and Australian Bureau of Statistics Estimated Resident Population 30 June 2011.

Data can be downloaded from Explore the data.

Fair comparisons

To more fairly compare Medicare Locals, each Medicare Local catchment has been grouped into one of seven peer groups3, based on remoteness and socioeconomic status. This allows:

  • Medicare Locals to be compared within the same metropolitan, regional or rural peer group, and
  • Medicare Locals to be compared with the average for their peer group.4

It also allows variation to be seen across peer groups that may be associated with remoteness and socioeconomic status.

See the PDF ReportOpens in a new window. for a graphical representation of the table below.

Peer groups Map reference Average number of GP after-hours attendances per person
Metro 1 0.33
Inner West Sydney 102 0.44
Inner East Melbourne 206 0.34
Inner NW Melbourne 201 0.33
Sydney North Shore & Beaches 108 0.33
Northern Sydney 107 0.32
Bayside 202 0.29
Eastern Sydney 101 0.29
Australian Capital Territory 801 0.24
Metro 2 0.32
South Western Melbourne 203 0.71
Gold Coast 303 0.51
South Eastern Sydney 103 0.39
Sthn Adelaide-Fleurieu-Kangaroo Is. 403 0.39
Central Adelaide & Hills 402 0.36
Greater Metro South Brisbane 302 0.36
Eastern Melbourne 207 0.34
Metro North Brisbane 301 0.27
Bentley-Armadale 504 0.16
Perth North Metro 502 0.15
Perth Central & East Metro 501 0.14
Fremantle 503 0.14
Metro 3 0.55
Western Sydney 105 0.65
Northern Melbourne 205 0.62
South Western Sydney 104 0.60
South Eastern Melbourne 208 0.55
Northern Adelaide 401 0.46
Macedon Ranges & NW Melb 204 0.45
West Moreton-Oxley 305 0.36
Regional 1 0.25
Nepean-Blue Mountains 106 0.40
Illawarra-Shoalhaven 110 0.31
Barwon 210 0.31
Frankston-Mornington Peninsula 209 0.26
Central Coast NSW 109 0.23
Hunter 111 0.20
Sunshine Coast 304 0.19
Perth South Coastal 505 0.12
Regional 2 0.12
Goulburn Valley 215 0.24
Grampians 211 0.23
Darling Downs-SW Qld 306 0.17
Great South Coast 212 0.15
Western NSW 115 0.14
Country South SA 404 0.14
Gippsland 217 0.13
Loddon-Mallee-Murray 214 0.13
Tasmania 601 0.11
North Coast NSW 113 0.10
Wide Bay 307 0.10
Southern NSW 117 0.09
Hume 216 0.07
Murrumbidgee 116 0.06
South West WA 506 0.05
New England 114 0.05
Rural 1 0.20
Townsville-Mackay 310 0.24
Lower Murray 213 0.19
Far West NSW 118 0.18
Country North SA 405 0.16
Central Qld 308 0.16
Rural 2 0.17
Far North Qld 311 0.36
Northern Territory 701 0.11
Central & NW Qld 309 0.10
Goldfields-Midwest 507 0.03
Kimberley-Pilbara 508 0.03

Variation within Medicare Locals

This report for the first time breaks down information to the level of individual Medicare Locals. But results for some measures have been calculated for geographical areas even smaller than this, using localities referred to by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) as Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3 – see box).

The information presented on the maps shows the average Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) expenditure on GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid.

GP after-hours attendances1 are non-referred patient/doctor after-hours encounters that are eligible for after-hours Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) rebates. They include urgent and nonurgent attendances that may be eligible for higher rebates where they occur between 6pm and 8am Monday to Friday, before 8am and after 12 noon on Saturdays, and all day Sundays and public holidays.

Findings

In 2010–11, the average number of GP after-hours attendances per person varied across statistical areas2, ranging from 0.98 to 0.02 attendances per person.

The statistical area with the highest average number of GP after-hours attendances per person was Mount Druitt (NSW) with an average of 0.98 attendances per person.

The statistical areas with the lowest average number of GP after-hours attendances per person were Manjimup (WA), Esperance (WA), Gascoyne (WA) and Albany (WA) which all recorded an average of 0.02 attendances per person.

Why use SA3s?

Providing information at more local levels of geography within a Medicare Local allows further insight into patterns of service utilisation across Australia.

Variation within Medicare Locals is shown in this report using the ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3), which generally have a population of between 30,000 and 130,000 people. A single Medicare Local may contain as few as one SA3, or as many as 17. In some instances, SA3s cross over Medicare Local boundaries.

In this report these SA3s have been chosen as an appropriate level of geography to present Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) information as they are large enough in population numbers to ensure confidentiality of MBS statistics, while allowing insights into the variation that exists within each Medicare Local.

Average number of GP after-hours attendances per person, 2010–11

In 2010–11, the average number of GP after-hours attendances per person varied across statistical areas2, ranging from 0.98 to 0.02 attendances per person.

Results for Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s) were ranked from highest to lowest and then split into 10 equal-sized groups3. The range within each of the 10 groups was:

Map of Australia showing the average number of GP after-hours attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2010-11

The following is a legend for the maps detailed on this page. The first row shows the various colour ranges, the second is the relevant colour's range value and the third indicates which end is highest and lowest.
0.02 – 0.05
0.06 – 0.10
0.11 – 0.14
0.15 – 0.17
0.18 – 0.21
0.22 – 0.26
0.27 – 0.33
0.34 – 0.40
0.41 – 0.50
0.51 – 0.98
Lowest group
Highest group
Medicare Local catchment boundary
ABS Statistical Area Level 3 (SA3) boundary

i. Perth and surrounding areas

Map of Perth and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP after-hours attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2010-11

ii. Adelaide and surrounding areas

Map of Adelaide and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP after-hours attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2010-11

iii. Melbourne and surrounding areas

Map of Melbourne and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP after-hours attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2010-11

iv. Canberra and surrounding areas

Map of Canberra and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP after-hours attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2010-11

v. Sydney and surrounding areas

Map of Sydney and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP after-hours attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2010-11

vi. Brisbane and surrounding areas

Map of Brisbane and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP after-hours attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2010-11

vii. Hobart and surrounding areas

Map of Hobart and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP after-hours attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2010-11

1. For more information on the Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) see Technical Supplement.

2. ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s) have been excluded from the reported range of results where the population is less than 1000 as they may identify individual providers and their patients. Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands are also excluded as the majority of primary health care services are provided by the Indian Ocean Territories Health Service.

3. 323 SA3s have been assigned to a decile group. For more information see Technical Supplement.

Note:

  • MBS statistics exclude services provided free of charge to public patients in hospitals, Department of Veterans' Affairs beneficiaries, some patients under compensation arrangements, and through other publicly funded programs.
  • Information for the Northern Territory has been presented at the Medicare Local level only, due to the large proportion of persons enrolled with Medicare using a non-geographic postcode.

Source: Department of Human Services Medicare Benefits statistics 2010–11 and Australian Bureau of Statistics Estimated Resident Population 30 June 2011.

GP after-hours attendances1 are non-referred patient/doctor after-hours encounters funded through the Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS). They include urgent and non-urgent attendances. In 2011–12, the average number of GP after-hours attendances per person varied across Medicare Locals, ranging from 0.79 in South Western Melbourne to 0.05 in both New England and Kimberley-Pilbara.

Average number of GP after-hours attendances per person, 2011–12

Results for Medicare Locals were ranked from highest to lowest and then split into five equal-sized groups.2 The range within each of the five groups was as follows:

The following images are of maps showing medicare local boundaries. Equivalent information is available in Fair comparisons section

Map of Australia showing the average number of GP after-hours attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2011-12

The following is a legend for the maps detailed on this page. The first row shows the various colour ranges, the second is the relevant colour's range value and the third indicates which end is highest and lowest.
0.05 – 0.12
0.13 – 0.18
0.19 – 0.30
0.31 – 0.41
0.42 – 0.79
Lowest group
Highest group
Medicare Local catchment boundary
Numbers on map are Medicare Local reference codes

i. Perth and surrounding areas

Map of Perth and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP after-hours attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2011-12

ii. Adelaide and surrounding areas

Map of Adelaide and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP after-hours attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2011-12

iii. Melbourne and surrounding areas

Map of Melbourne and surrounding areas the average number of GP after-hours attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2011-12

iv. Canberra and surrounding areas

Map of Canberra and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP after-hours attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2011-12

v. Sydney and surrounding areas

Map of Sydney and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP after-hours attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2011-12

vi. Brisbane and surrounding areas

Map of Brisbane and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP after-hours attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2011-12

1. For more information on the Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) see Technical Supplement.

2. Each Medicare Local has been assigned to a quintile group. For more information see Technical Supplement.

3. For more information on peer groups see Technical Supplement.

4. Peer group results are calculated using the total number of relevant GP attendances within each peer group. For more information see Technical Supplement.

Note: MBS statistics exclude services provided free of charge to public patients in hospitals, to Department of Veterans' Affairs beneficiaries, to some patients under compensation arrangements, and through other publicly funded programs.

Source: Department of Human Services Medicare Benefits statistics 2011–12 and Australian Bureau of Statistics Estimated Resident Population 30 June 2011.

Data can be downloaded from Explore the data.

Fair comparisons

To more fairly compare Medicare Locals, each Medicare Local catchment has been grouped into one of seven peer groups3, based on remoteness and socioeconomic status. This allows:

  • Medicare Locals to be compared within the same metropolitan, regional or rural peer group, and
  • Medicare Locals to be compared with the average for their peer group.4

It also allows variation to be seen across peer groups that may be associated with remoteness and socioeconomic status.

See the PDF ReportOpens in a new window. for a graphical representation of the table below.

Peer groups Map reference Average number of GP after-hours attendances per person
Metro 1 0.35
Inner West Sydney 102 0.46
Inner NW Melbourne 201 0.38
Inner East Melbourne 206 0.35
Northern Sydney 107 0.34
Sydney North Shore & Beaches 108 0.34
Eastern Sydney 101 0.32
Bayside 202 0.31
Australian Capital Territory 801 0.24
Metro 2 0.35
South Western Melbourne 203 0.79
Gold Coast 303 0.56
Sthn Adelaide-Fleurieu-Kangaroo Is. 403 0.41
South Eastern Sydney 103 0.41
Central Adelaide & Hills 402 0.40
Eastern Melbourne 207 0.38
Greater Metro South Brisbane 302 0.37
Metro North Brisbane 301 0.30
Bentley-Armadale 504 0.21
Perth North Metro 502 0.19
Perth Central & East Metro 501 0.17
Fremantle 503 0.15
Metro 3 0.59
Western Sydney 105 0.68
Northern Melbourne 205 0.67
South Western Sydney 104 0.61
South Eastern Melbourne 208 0.59
Northern Adelaide 401 0.50
Macedon Ranges & NW Melb 204 0.50
West Moreton-Oxley 305 0.42
Regional 1 0.26
Nepean-Blue Mountains 106 0.40
Illawarra-Shoalhaven 110 0.32
Barwon 210 0.31
Frankston-Mornington Peninsula 209 0.29
Central Coast NSW 109 0.22
Hunter 111 0.19
Perth South Coastal 505 0.18
Sunshine Coast 304 0.18
Regional 2 0.13
Grampians 211 0.27
Goulburn Valley 215 0.25
Darling Downs-SW Qld 306 0.18
Great South Coast 212 0.16
Western NSW 115 0.16
Country South SA 404 0.14
Gippsland 217 0.14
Wide Bay 307 0.13
Loddon-Mallee-Murray 214 0.13
Tasmania 601 0.12
North Coast NSW 113 0.12
Hume 216 0.09
Southern NSW 117 0.08
South West WA 506 0.07
Murrumbidgee 116 0.06
New England 114 0.05
Rural 1 0.20
Townsville-Mackay 310 0.24
Lower Murray 213 0.19
Country North SA 405 0.17
Central Qld 308 0.16
Far West NSW 118 0.12
Rural 2 0.20
Far North Qld 311 0.42
Central & NW Qld 309 0.14
Northern Territory 701 0.11
Goldfields-Midwest 507 0.07
Kimberley-Pilbara 508 0.05

Variation within Medicare Locals

This report for the first time breaks down information to the level of individual Medicare Locals. But results for some measures have been calculated for geographical areas even smaller than this, using localities referred to by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) as Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3 – see box).

The information presented on the maps shows the average Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) expenditure on GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid.

GP after-hours attendances1 are non-referred patient/doctor after-hours encounters that are eligible for after-hours Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) rebates. They include urgent and nonurgent attendances that may be eligible for higher rebates where they occur between 6pm and 8am Monday to Friday, before 8am and after 12 noon on Saturdays, and all day Sundays and public holidays.

Findings

In 2011–12, the average number of GP after-hours attendances per person varied across statistical areas2, ranging from 1.01 to 0.02 attendances per person.

The statistical area with the highest average number of GP after-hours attendances per person was Mount Druitt (NSW) with an average of 1.01 attendances per person.

The statistical areas with the lowest average number of GP after-hours attendances per person was Esperance (WA), with an average of 0.02 attendances per person.

Why use SA3s?

Providing information at more local levels of geography within a Medicare Local allows further insight into patterns of service utilisation across Australia.

Variation within Medicare Locals is shown in this report using the ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3), which generally have a population of between 30,000 and 130,000 people. A single Medicare Local may contain as few as one SA3, or as many as 17. In some instances, SA3s cross over Medicare Local boundaries.

In this report these SA3s have been chosen as an appropriate level of geography to present Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) information as they are large enough in population numbers to ensure confidentiality of MBS statistics, while allowing insights into the variation that exists within each Medicare Local.

Average number of GP after-hours attendances per person, 2011–12

In 2011–12, the average number of GP after-hours attendances per person varied across statistical areas2, ranging from 1.01 to 0.02 attendances per person.

Results for Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s) were ranked from highest to lowest and then split into 10 equal-sized groups3. The range within each of the 10 groups was:

Map of Australia showing the average number of GP after-hours attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2011-12

The following is a legend for the maps detailed on this page. The first row shows the various colour ranges, the second is the relevant colour's range value and the third indicates which end is highest and lowest.
0.02 – 0.06
0.07 – 0.11
0.12 – 0.15
0.16 – 0.18
0.19 – 0.23
0.24 – 0.28
0.29 – 0.35
0.36 – 0.42
0.43 – 0.56
0.57 – 1.01
Lowest group
Highest group
Medicare Local catchment boundary
ABS Statistical Area Level 3 (SA3) boundary

i. Perth and surrounding areas

Map of Perth and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP after-hours attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2011-12

ii. Adelaide and surrounding areas

Map of Adelaide and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP after-hours attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2011-12

iii. Melbourne and surrounding areas

Map of Melbourne and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP after-hours attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2011-12

iv. Canberra and surrounding areas

Map of Canberra and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP after-hours attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2011-12

v. Sydney and surrounding areas

Map of Sydney and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP after-hours attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2011-12

vi. Brisbane and surrounding areas

Map of Brisbane and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP after-hours attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2011-12

vii. Hobart and surrounding areas

Map of Hobart and surrounding areas showing the average number of GP after-hours attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2011-12

1. For more information on the Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) see Technical Supplement.

2. ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s) have been excluded from the reported range of results where the population is less than 1000 as they may identify individual providers and their patients. Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands are also excluded as the majority of primary health care services are provided by the Indian Ocean Territories Health Service.

3. 323 SA3s have been assigned to a decile group. For more information see Technical Supplement.

Note:

  • MBS statistics exclude services provided free of charge to public patients in hospitals, Department of Veterans' Affairs beneficiaries, some patients under compensation arrangements, and through other publicly funded programs.
  • Information for the Northern Territory has been presented at the Medicare Local level only, due to the large proportion of persons enrolled with Medicare using a non-geographic postcode.

Source: Department of Human Services Medicare Benefits statistics 2011–12 and Australian Bureau of Statistics Estimated Resident Population 30 June 2011.

Expenditure on GP after-hours attendances1 comprises Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) funding provided for after-hours patient/doctor encounters across Medicare Locals. In 2010–11, the average expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person varied across Medicare Locals, ranging from $36.18 in South Western Melbourne to $2.15 in Goldfields-Midwest.

Average expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person, 2010–11

Results for Medicare Locals were ranked from highest to lowest and then split into five equal-sized groups.2 The range within each of the five groups was as follows:

The following images are of maps showing medicare local boundaries. Equivalent information is available in Fair comparisons section

Map of Australia showing the average expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2010-11

The following is a legend for the maps detailed on this page. The first row shows the various colour ranges, the second is the relevant colour's range value and the third indicates which end is highest and lowest.
$2.15 – $6.51
$6.52 – $10.51
$10.52 – $16.82
$16.83 – $21.60
$21.61 – $36.18
Lowest group
Highest group
Medicare Local catchment boundary
Numbers on map are Medicare Local reference codes

i. Perth and surrounding areas

Map of Perth and surrounding areas showing the average expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2010-11

ii. Adelaide and surrounding areas

Map of Adelaide and surrounding areas showing the average expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2010-11

iii. Melbourne and surrounding areas

Map of Melbourne and surrounding areas the average expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2010-11

iv. Canberra and surrounding areas

Map of Canberra and surrounding areas showing the average expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2010-11

v. Sydney and surrounding areas

Map of Sydney and surrounding areas showing the average expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2010-11

vi. Brisbane and surrounding areas

Map of Brisbane and surrounding areas showing the average expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2010-11

1. For more information on the Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) see Technical Supplement.

2. Each Medicare Local has been assigned to a quintile group. For more information see Technical Supplement.

3. For more information on peer groups see Technical Supplement.

4. Peer group results are calculated using the total number of relevant GP attendances within each peer group. For more information see Technical Supplement.

Note: MBS statistics exclude services provided free of charge to public patients in hospitals, to Department of Veterans' Affairs beneficiaries, to some patients under compensation arrangements, and through other publicly funded programs.

Source: Department of Human Services Medicare Benefits statistics 2010–11 and Australian Bureau of Statistics Estimated Resident Population 30 June 2011.

Data can be downloaded from Explore the data.

Fair comparisons

To more fairly compare Medicare Locals, each Medicare Local catchment has been grouped into one of seven peer groups3, based on remoteness and socioeconomic status. This allows:

  • Medicare Locals to be compared within the same metropolitan, regional or rural peer group, and
  • Medicare Locals to be compared with the average for their peer group.4

It also allows variation to be seen across peer groups that may be associated with remoteness and socioeconomic status.

See the PDF ReportOpens in a new window. for a graphical representation of the table below.

Peer groups Map reference Average expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person
Metro 1 $18.83
Inner West Sydney 102 $23.64
Inner NW Melbourne 201 $21.62
Inner East Melbourne 206 $20.02
Bayside 202 $18.32
Northern Sydney 107 $17.67
Sydney North Shore & Beaches 108 $17.34
Eastern Sydney 101 $16.29
Australian Capital Territory 801 $12.40
Metro 2 $19.78
South Western Melbourne 203 $36.18
Gold Coast 303 $35.25
Central Adelaide & Hills 402 $27.36
Sthn Adelaide-Fleurieu-Kangaroo Is. 403 $26.05
South Eastern Sydney 103 $21.59
Greater Metro South Brisbane 302 $20.76
Eastern Melbourne 207 $19.24
Metro North Brisbane 301 $16.96
Bentley-Armadale 504 $9.12
Perth North Metro 502 $9.01
Perth Central & East Metro 501 $8.37
Fremantle 503 $8.20
Metro 3 $30.10
Northern Melbourne 205 $34.09
Western Sydney 105 $33.74
Northern Adelaide 401 $33.04
South Western Sydney 104 $30.64
South Eastern Melbourne 208 $28.80
Macedon Ranges & NW Melb 204 $24.28
West Moreton-Oxley 305 $19.34
Regional 1 $13.90
Nepean-Blue Mountains 106 $21.04
Illawarra-Shoalhaven 110 $18.85
Barwon 210 $16.69
Frankston-Mornington Peninsula 209 $14.12
Central Coast NSW 109 $12.17
Hunter 111 $11.22
Sunshine Coast 304 $11.19
Perth South Coastal 505 $6.00
Regional 2 $7.13
Goulburn Valley 215 $15.56
Grampians 211 $13.87
Great South Coast 212 $10.48
Country South SA 404 $9.48
Darling Downs-SW Qld 306 $9.44
Loddon-Mallee-Murray 214 $8.44
Gippsland 217 $8.33
Western NSW 115 $7.15
Tasmania 601 $6.64
Wide Bay 307 $6.39
North Coast NSW 113 $5.86
Hume 216 $5.15
Southern NSW 117 $4.67
Murrumbidgee 116 $3.36
New England 114 $3.16
South West WA 506 $2.80
Rural 1 $11.44
Far West NSW 118 $15.72
Townsville-Mackay 310 $12.40
Country North SA 405 $12.09
Lower Murray 213 $10.55
Central Qld 308 $8.47
Rural 2 $9.72
Far North Qld 311 $20.33
Northern Territory 701 $5.90
Central & NW Qld 309 $5.27
Kimberley-Pilbara 508 $2.22
Goldfields-Midwest 507 $2.15

Variation within Medicare Locals

This report for the first time breaks down information to the level of individual Medicare Locals. But results for some measures have been calculated for geographical areas even smaller than this, using localities referred to by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) as Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3 – see box).

The information presented on the maps shows the average Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) expenditure on GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid.

Expenditure on GP after-hours attendances1 comprises MBS funding for after-hours patient/ doctor encounters across Medicare Locals.

GP after-hours attendances are non-referred patient/doctor after-hours encounters that are eligible for after-hours MBS rebates. They include urgent and non-urgent attendances that may be eligible for higher rebates where they occur between 6pm and 8am Monday to Friday, before 8am and after 12 noon on Saturdays, and all day Sundays and public holidays.

Findings

In 2010–11, the average MBS expenditure per person on GP after-hours attendances varied across statistical areas2, ranging from $49.99 to $1.20 per person.

The statistical area with the highest MBS expenditure on GP after-hours attendances was Playford (SA), with an average of $49.99 per person. The statistical area with the lowest MBS expenditure on GP after-hours attendances was Gascoyne (WA), with an average of $1.20 per person.

Why use SA3s?

Providing information at more local levels of geography within a Medicare Local allows further insight into patterns of service utilisation across Australia.

Variation within Medicare Locals is shown in this report using the ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3), which generally have a population of between 30,000 and 130,000 people. A single Medicare Local may contain as few as one SA3, or as many as 17. In some instances, SA3s cross over Medicare Local boundaries.

In this report these SA3s have been chosen as an appropriate level of geography to present Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) information as they are large enough in population numbers to ensure confidentiality of MBS statistics, while allowing insights into the variation that exists within each Medicare Local.

Average Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person, 2010–11

In 2010–11, the average MBS expenditure per person on GP after-hours attendances varied across statistical areas2, ranging from $49.99 to $1.20 per person.

Results for Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s) were ranked from highest to lowest and then split into 10 equal-sized groups3. The range within each of the 10 groups was:

Map of Australia showing the average expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2010-11

The following is a legend for the maps detailed on this page. The first row shows the various colour ranges, the second is the relevant colour's range value and the third indicates which end is highest and lowest.
$1.20 – $3.74
$3.75 – $6.39
$6.40 – $8.20
$8.21 – $10.63
$10.64 – $13.31
$13.32 – $16.55
$16.56 – $19.57
$19.58 – $23.37
$23.38 – $30.58
$30.59 – $49.99
Lowest group
Highest group
Medicare Local catchment boundary
ABS Statistical Area Level 3 (SA3) boundary

i. Perth and surrounding areas

Map of Perth and surrounding areas showing the average expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2010-11

ii. Adelaide and surrounding areas

Map of Adelaide and surrounding areas showing the average expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2010-11

iii. Melbourne and surrounding areas

Map of Melbourne and surrounding areas showing the average expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2010-11

iv. Canberra and surrounding areas

Map of Canberra and surrounding areas showing the average expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2010-11

v. Sydney and surrounding areas

Map of Sydney and surrounding areas showing the average expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2010-11

vi. Brisbane and surrounding areas

Map of Brisbane and surrounding areas showing the average expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2010-11

vii. Hobart and surrounding areas

Map of Hobart and surrounding areas showing the average expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2010-11

1. For more information on the Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) see Technical Supplement.

2. ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s) have been excluded from the reported range of results where the population is less than 1000 as they may identify individual providers and their patients. Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands are also excluded as the majority of primary health care services are provided by the Indian Ocean Territories Health Service.

3. 323 SA3s have been assigned to a decile group. For more information see Technical Supplement.

Note:

  • MBS statistics exclude services provided free of charge to public patients in hospitals, Department of Veterans' Affairs beneficiaries, some patients under compensation arrangements, and through other publicly funded programs.
  • Information for the Northern Territory has been presented at the Medicare Local level only, due to the large proportion of persons enrolled with Medicare using a non-geographic postcode.

Source: Department of Human Services Medicare Benefits statistics 2010–11 and Australian Bureau of Statistics Estimated Resident Population 30 June 2011.

Expenditure on GP after-hours attendances1 comprises Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) funding provided for after-hours patient/doctor encounters across Medicare Locals. In 2011–12, the average expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person varied across Medicare Locals, ranging from $42.11 in South Western Melbourne to $3.35 in Murrumbidgee.

Average expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person, 2011–12

Results for Medicare Locals were ranked from highest to lowest and then split into five equal-sized groups.2 The range within each of the five groups was as follows:

The following images are of maps showing medicare local boundaries. Equivalent information is available in Fair comparisons section

Map of Australia showing the average expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2011-12

The following is a legend for the maps detailed on this page. The first row shows the various colour ranges, the second is the relevant colour's range value and the third indicates which end is highest and lowest.
$3.35 – $8.24
$8.25 – $11.17
$11.18 – $18.15
$18.16 – $25.26
$25.27 – $42.11
Lowest group
Highest group
Medicare Local catchment boundary
Numbers on map are Medicare Local reference codes

i. Perth and surrounding areas

Map of Perth and surrounding areas showing the average expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2011-12

ii. Adelaide and surrounding areas

Map of Adelaide and surrounding areas showing the average expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2011-12

iii. Melbourne and surrounding areas

Map of Melbourne and surrounding areas the average expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2011-12

iv. Canberra and surrounding areas

Map of Canberra and surrounding areas showing the average expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2011-12

v. Sydney and surrounding areas

Map of Sydney and surrounding areas showing the average expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2011-12

vi. Brisbane and surrounding areas

Map of Brisbane and surrounding areas showing the average expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person within each medicare local catchment in 2011-12

1. For more information on the Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) see Technical Supplement.

2. Each Medicare Local has been assigned to a quintile group. For more information see Technical Supplement.

3. For more information on peer groups see Technical Supplement.

4. Peer group results are calculated using the total number of relevant GP attendances within each peer group. For more information see Technical Supplement.

Note: MBS statistics exclude services provided free of charge to public patients in hospitals, to Department of Veterans' Affairs beneficiaries, to some patients under compensation arrangements, and through other publicly funded programs.

Source: Department of Human Services Medicare Benefits statistics 2011–12 and Australian Bureau of Statistics Estimated Resident Population 30 June 2011.

Data can be downloaded from Explore the data.

Fair comparisons

To more fairly compare Medicare Locals, each Medicare Local catchment has been grouped into one of seven peer groups3, based on remoteness and socioeconomic status. This allows:

  • Medicare Locals to be compared within the same metropolitan, regional or rural peer group, and
  • Medicare Locals to be compared with the average for their peer group.4

It also allows variation to be seen across peer groups that may be associated with remoteness and socioeconomic status.

See the PDF ReportOpens in a new window. for a graphical representation of the table below.

Peer groups Map reference Average expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person
Metro 1 $20.45
Inner NW Melbourne 201 $25.38
Inner West Sydney 102 $25.15
Inner East Melbourne 206 $21.50
Bayside 202 $20.16
Northern Sydney 107 $19.01
Sydney North Shore & Beaches 108 $18.34
Eastern Sydney 101 $17.98
Australian Capital Territory 801 $12.54
Metro 2 $22.38
South Western Melbourne 203 $42.11
Gold Coast 303 $41.57
Central Adelaide & Hills 402 $30.13
Sthn Adelaide-Fleurieu-Kangaroo Is. 403 $28.21
South Eastern Sydney 103 $22.82
Greater Metro South Brisbane 302 $22.25
Eastern Melbourne 207 $21.62
Metro North Brisbane 301 $19.36
Bentley-Armadale 504 $12.02
Perth North Metro 502 $11.17
Perth Central & East Metro 501 $10.05
Fremantle 503 $9.62
Metro 3 $32.89
Northern Melbourne 205 $37.83
Northern Adelaide 401 $37.12
Western Sydney 105 $35.95
South Western Sydney 104 $31.78
South Eastern Melbourne 208 $31.24
Macedon Ranges & NW Melb 204 $28.42
West Moreton-Oxley 305 $23.13
Regional 1 $14.59
Nepean-Blue Mountains 106 $21.64
Illawarra-Shoalhaven 110 $19.46
Barwon 210 $17.70
Frankston-Mornington Peninsula 209 $16.25
Central Coast NSW 109 $12.01
Hunter 111 $11.38
Sunshine Coast 304 $11.05
Perth South Coastal 505 $8.93
Regional 2 $7.94
Grampians 211 $16.14
Goulburn Valley 215 $16.07
Great South Coast 212 $11.31
Country South SA 404 $10.62
Darling Downs-SW Qld 306 $10.50
Gippsland 217 $9.01
Loddon-Mallee-Murray 214 $8.64
Western NSW 115 $8.17
Wide Bay 307 $7.44
Tasmania 601 $7.11
North Coast NSW 113 $6.81
Hume 216 $6.02
Southern NSW 117 $4.63
South West WA 506 $4.28
New England 114 $3.62
Murrumbidgee 116 $3.35
Rural 1 $11.61
Country North SA 405 $12.98
Townsville-Mackay 310 $12.51
Lower Murray 213 $11.18
Central Qld 308 $9.24
Far West NSW 118 $9.00
Rural 2 $12.74
Far North Qld 311 $26.74
Central & NW Qld 309 $8.32
Northern Territory 701 $6.20
Kimberley-Pilbara 508 $4.06
Goldfields-Midwest 507 $4.00

Variation within Medicare Locals

This report for the first time breaks down information to the level of individual Medicare Locals. But results for some measures have been calculated for geographical areas even smaller than this, using localities referred to by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) as Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3 – see box).

The information presented on the maps shows the average Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) expenditure on GP attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid.

Expenditure on GP after-hours attendances1 comprises MBS funding for after-hours patient/ doctor encounters across Medicare Locals.

GP after-hours attendances are non-referred patient/doctor after-hours encounters that are eligible for after-hours MBS rebates. They include urgent and non-urgent attendances that may be eligible for higher rebates where they occur between 6pm and 8am Monday to Friday, before 8am and after 12 noon on Saturdays, and all day Sundays and public holidays.

Findings

In 2011–12, the average MBS expenditure per person on GP after-hours attendances varied across statistical areas2, ranging from $60.24 to $1.27 per person.

The statistical area with the highest MBS expenditure on GP after-hours attendances was Playford (SA), with an average of $60.24 per person. The statistical area with the lowest MBS expenditure on GP after-hours attendances was Esperance (WA), with an average of $1.27 per person.

Why use SA3s?

Providing information at more local levels of geography within a Medicare Local allows further insight into patterns of service utilisation across Australia.

Variation within Medicare Locals is shown in this report using the ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3), which generally have a population of between 30,000 and 130,000 people. A single Medicare Local may contain as few as one SA3, or as many as 17. In some instances, SA3s cross over Medicare Local boundaries.

In this report these SA3s have been chosen as an appropriate level of geography to present Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) information as they are large enough in population numbers to ensure confidentiality of MBS statistics, while allowing insights into the variation that exists within each Medicare Local.

Average Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person, 2011–12

In 2011–12, the average MBS expenditure per person on GP after-hours attendances varied across statistical areas2, ranging from $60.24 to $1.27 per person.

Results for Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s) were ranked from highest to lowest and then split into 10 equal-sized groups3. The range within each of the 10 groups was:

Map of Australia showing the average expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2011-12

The following is a legend for the maps detailed on this page. The first row shows the various colour ranges, the second is the relevant colour's range value and the third indicates which end is highest and lowest.
$1.27 – $4.27
$4.28 – $7.05
$7.06 – $9.33
$9.34 – $11.57
$11.58 – $14.22
$14.23 – $17.68
$17.69 – $21.33
$21.34 – $25.37
$25.38 – $33.41
$33.42 – $60.24
Lowest group
Highest group
Medicare Local catchment boundary
ABS Statistical Area Level 3 (SA3) boundary

i. Perth and surrounding areas

Map of Perth and surrounding areas showing the average expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2011-12

ii. Adelaide and surrounding areas

Map of Adelaide and surrounding areas showing the average expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2011-12

iii. Melbourne and surrounding areas

Map of Melbourne and surrounding areas showing the average expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2011-12

iv. Canberra and surrounding areas

Map of Canberra and surrounding areas showing the average expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2011-12

v. Sydney and surrounding areas

Map of Sydney and surrounding areas showing the average expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2011-12

vi. Brisbane and surrounding areas

Map of Brisbane and surrounding areas showing the average expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2011-12

vii. Hobart and surrounding areas

Map of Hobart and surrounding areas showing the average expenditure on GP after-hours attendances per person across ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s), with Medicare Local boundaries overlaid in 2011-12

1. For more information on the Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) see Technical Supplement.

2. ABS Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3s) have been excluded from the reported range of results where the population is less than 1000 as they may identify individual providers and their patients. Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands are also excluded as the majority of primary health care services are provided by the Indian Ocean Territories Health Service.

3. 323 SA3s have been assigned to a decile group. For more information see Technical Supplement.

Note:

  • MBS statistics exclude services provided free of charge to public patients in hospitals, Department of Veterans' Affairs beneficiaries, some patients under compensation arrangements, and through other publicly funded programs.
  • Information for the Northern Territory has been presented at the Medicare Local level only, due to the large proportion of persons enrolled with Medicare using a non-geographic postcode.

Source: Department of Human Services Medicare Benefits statistics 2011–12 and Australian Bureau of Statistics Estimated Resident Population 30 June 2011.

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